Chinese Bitcoin Miners Seek Refuge in Ethiopia as Government Crackdown Intensifies

A mining machine and the Ethiopian flag

Buffeted by political and economic headwinds, Chinese Bitcoin miners, once dominant in the industry, have found a new home in Ethiopia. Lured by cheap electricity and a government seemingly open to the industry, they are setting up shop near the newly built Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam, Africa’s largest. However, both miners and Ethiopia face risks, as the industry’s energy consumption and volatile nature raise concerns about sustainability and social impact.

A New Mining Haven for Chinese

Once dominant in the industry, Chinese Bitcoin miners, displaced by government crackdowns and volatile markets, have landed in an unlikely new haven: Ethiopia. This East African nation, with its vast hydropower potential and seemingly welcoming arms, presents a unique combination of promise and peril for these digital prospectors.

Ethiopia is not the first country to open its arms to Bitcoin miners. Iran and Kazakhstan were once darlings of the Bitcoin mining industry before they felt that the high energy consumption of the sector threatened their energy supply. China also moved against Bitcoin mining in 2021 due to the same reason.

“Firstly, countries can run out of available electricity, leaving no room for miners to expand,” said Jaran Mellerud, chief executive of Hashlabs Mining. “Secondly, miners can suddenly be deemed unwelcome by the government and be forced to pack up and leave.

Lured by Cheap Power and Open Doors

Ethiopia’s allure is undeniable. Abundant hydropower from the newly built Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam offers some of the world’s cheapest electricity, a lifeline for Bitcoin’s energy-guzzling mining rigs. The government, seeking foreign investment and foreign currency inflows, appears cautiously optimistic about the industry, granting licenses and striking power deals with over 20 Chinese mining firms.

However, both miners and Ethiopia face a delicate balancing act. Bitcoin mining‘s massive energy consumption raises concerns about sustainability, especially in a nation where nearly half the population lacks access to electricity. Social discontent and political backlash remain potential risks, as seen in other countries like Kazakhstan and Iran.

Uncertainty Clouds the Future

Despite the uncertainties, both parties are forging ahead. Miners are setting up operations near the dam, shipping in millions of dollars worth of equipment. The government, while cautious, has issued a directive regulating “cryptographic products” and is managing the influx.

Ethiopia’s experiment is being closely watched. If successful, it could pave the way for other African nations eager for foreign investment and diversification. However, concerns about environmental impact and social responsibility cast a shadow on the industry’s future.

High Stakes With Uncertain Rewards

Geopolitical ties play a crucial role. China, Ethiopia’s largest investor, is also a dominant force in Bitcoin mining. This connection fuels optimism among Chinese miners, with some even viewing Ethiopia as a potential rival to Texas, the current global leader.

Whether Ethiopia’s Bitcoin gamble pays off remains to be seen. The success hinges on navigating the environmental, social, and political complexities, while harnessing the potential benefits of foreign investment and technological innovation. For miners and Ethiopia alike, it’s a high-stakes race with uncertain rewards.


Author: Grace

Grace likes gardening. She holds some BTC and ETH.